The Shared Citizenship Model
The Shared Citizenship Model
Core Concepts (Based on Prashker 2006)
Shared (Israeli) Citizenship: Joint legal status of 7.7 million human beings registered in the ministry of the Interior as citizens of the state of Israel. For lack of basic agreements among citizens of the state, e.g. agreement over the physical borders of the state and primary sources of authority, the model is based on this agreed factual and legal foundation. Our wish is to make the component of Israeli citizenship a substantive indisputable identity factor for all Israeli citizens, one which will not undermine the distinct identity of any civilian group.
Multi-Existence Model: This model highlights the diversity of Israeli society which is comprised of many groups and identities and stands in contrast to previous binary traditional models of co-existence. This concept better reflects the diverse individuals and groups forming Israeli society and helps soften and overcome fundamental schisms.
Identity: The model of joint citizenship emphasizes the multiple identities of every individual (without determining a specific hierarchical order of importance) and highlights the relative, dynamic and qualitative (rather than quantitative) nature of these identities.
Accessibility: The ability of every individual and group to access, integrate into, and participate in Israeli society in the broadest sense: the political, cultural, physical, educational, geographical, socio-economic and gender based aspects.
Fairness (a fairer society, as opposed to one that is less fair): fairness is the agreed upon value-based foundation of the model claiming that all citizens of the state can aspire toward fairer classrooms, schools, communities and their society in general, on the assumption that fairness can be evaluated by examining the relation between aspects of identity and aspects of accessibility as they are defined by the model. This concept is only relatively expressed (on a continuum that runs between less fair and fairer) and not in a binary fashion, namely ‘fair’ or ‘unfair’.
The concept of fairness has significant advantages in Israeli society which is comprised of different religious groups that cannot identify with the concept of “equality”. The concept of fairness, as defined by the model, is culturally embedded in the different groups that make up Israeli society and hence serves as a realistic common value-based foundation for the promotion of the Shared Citizenship vision.
Shared Values and Interests: The model emphasizes the importance of shared values and interests and criticizes models of civic activity that lack a significant values-based foundation. The model recognizes the identification of and promotion of shared values concealed by the use of different cultural languages (rights and obligations, for example) as a central challenge to the creation of multi-existence in a multi-cultural society.
Spaces of Agreement: The model seeks to expend possible spaces of agreement while clarifying limits beyond which further expansion will not be possible (and not advisable). The model argues that the possible spaces of agreement can be expanded by clarifying shared values and interests. The model also emphasizes the need to educate toward multi-existence and the importance of appreciating that disagreements are a natural feature of a diverse society.
Shared Active Citizenship Activity: on the personal, classroom, school, community, municipal or national level to promote the shared citizenship vision by promoting fairer access for all citizens as defined by the model.